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Chemung County NY
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Berneice REED MacDougall Diary 1937
Photo at left of Berneice REED MacDougall.
BRM 1905 January to April May to September
BRM 1907 January to July August to December
BRM 1909 January to April
HST - 1936 January to June July to December
BRM 1937 January to June July to December
BRM 1939 January to June July to December
BRM 1941 January to June July to December
BRM 1942 January to June July to December
BRM 1944 January to June July to December
Ridge Road in the War Years by Walt Samson

Walter Ross Samson March 28, 2008

The year is 1937

My grandmother,.Berneice REED MacDougall is 54 years old.

She is married to Charles MacDougall. He is a farmer and they live on the Ridge Road, six miles north of Horseheads, NY. Living in the same house were her daughter Helen and her husband Charles :"Ted" Samson and their son, Walter. Also living in the house was her mother Emma WEBSTER Reed, who died in October of that year.

I am that grandson, Walter Ross Samson, born 5 Jul 1934 and I turned three on July 5, 1937

Most years she kept a dairy. I am progressively scanning them, starting with the earliest in 1905. I offer these observations on this, her 1937 "Record".

I turned three in 1937. On my birthday, 5 July 1937, she recorded that I weighed 33 pounds and was quite tall. I remember some of the events she mentioned, in the diary, even as a lad aged three:

--Her Uncle George Reed died in 1937. His Model T was stored in a barn in Savonia and my father towed it home. I remember waiting in the car while the "men" got it ready to tow. I remember that when we got home my father put his hand on the engine and noted "it's warm".(The Model T engine rotated when towed.}

--I remember the day her mother died. We lived in the same house, and I was sequestered to a bedroom when they were awaiting the undertaker.


1937 U.S. Events

President: Franklin D Roosevelt

Vice President: John N. Garner

Population: 128,824,829

The dirigible "Hindenburg" explodes at Lakehurst, N.J., killing 36 (May 6).

Amelia Earhart and co-pilot Fred Noonan vanish over the Pacific Ocean on their Round-the-World Flight.

The Golden Gate Bridge is completed.

Frank Lloyd Wright builds "Fallingwater."


Unemployment: 14.3%

Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03

Entertainment Awards

Fiction: Gone With the Wind, Margaret Mitchell

Drama: You Can't Take It With You, Moss Hart and George S.

Academy Award, Best Picture: The Great Ziegfeld (MGM)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Roger Martin du Gard (France)

Edgar Bergen and his puppet Charlie McCarthy make their radio debut on NBC.

The Glenn Miller Band debuts in New York.

Walt Disney's first full-length animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, hits theaters and becomes an instant classic.

Top hit recordings

"That Old Feeling" by Shep Fields

"Once In Awhile" by Tommy Dorsey

"It Looks Like Rain in Cherry Blossom Lane" by Guy Lombardo

"September In the Rain" by Guy Lombardo

"The Dipsy Doodle" by Tommy Dorsey

"Sweet Leilani" by Bing Crosby

"The Moon Got In My Eyes" by Bing Crosby

"Boo Hoo" by Guy Lombardo

"Goodnight, My Love" by Benny Goodman

"On A Little Bamboo Bridge" by Louis Armstrong written by Abner Silver and Al Sherman

"Whispers In the Dark" by Bob Crosby

"Peace in the Valley" by Mahalia Jackson, gospel music hit written by Thomas A. Dorsey

Highest Graded Films for the Year 1937

(97.5) Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)

(94.9) The Life of Emile Zola (1937)

(85.6) Dead End (1937)

(82.9) Wee Willie Winkie (1937)

(80.6) The Grand Illusion (1937)

(70.8) The Awful Truth (1937)

(70) Captains Courageous (1937)

(70) Stage Door (1937)

(67) The Good Earth (1937)

(65) A Day at the Races (1937)

Major Events of 1937

Golden Gate Bridge completed in San Francisco.

Lincoln Tunnel opens in New York City.

Stalin begins purge of Red Army Generals.

China and Japan go to war.

The Hindenburg disaster: The German airship, Hindenburg is destroyed by fire, 36 are killed.

The German Luftwaffe bombs Guernica in the Spanish civil war.

Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.

1937 Time Man of the Year

Generalissimo and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek


Man of two years (1932 & 1934) was Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but certainly he has not been Man of 1937. For 1937 is the first year since he became President of the U.S. that Franklin Roosevelt has not clearly been the dominant figure in U.S. public life. Certainly if there is a U.S. Man of 1937 he is John Llewellyn Lewis who made his C.I.O. a primary force in the affairs of the nation,

Foremost U.S. Books of the Year were certainly Dale Carnegis's How to Win Friends and Influence People, which sold 750,000 copies, and Kenneth Roberts' Northwest Passage, which sold 308,000.

Actor of the Year was Clark Gable

Actress of the Year, Shirley Temple




1 WALTER #2 REED b: 18 Mar 1829 in Honesdale, Penn. hms notes show dob=6 May 1829 d: 30 Apr 1911 in Buried in Pleasant Valley Cemetery, Bath, NY Age at death: 82

. +CATHERINE E. SMITH b: 06 May 1829 in Also have 1828 d: 15 Feb 1911 in Buried in Pleasant Valley Cemetery, Bath, NY Age at death: 81

2 LAWRENCE FOLEY REED b: 14 Jan 1849 in Town of Wayne, Yates Co. NY d: 14 Dec 1918 in Vary Cemetery, Ridge Rd. Horseheads, NY. N-2/33/#1 Age at death: 69

.... +SOPHIA EMMILINE WEBSTER (MOTHER) b: 09 Jun 1859 in Dundee, N. Y. d: 19 Oct 1937 in Vary Cemetery, Ridge Rd. Horseheads, NY. N-2/33/#2 Age at death: 78

.. 3 BERNEICE REED b: 17 Dec 1882 d: 03 Feb 1958 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 75

...... +Charles A. MacDougall b: 16 Sep 1877 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co., NY d: 21 Dec 1966 in Ridge Rd. Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY Age at death: 89

.... 4 HELEN ALLYNE MACDOUGAL b: 12 Jan 1909 in Horseheads, NY d: 27 Mar 1995 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 86

........ +Charles Ralph "Ted" Samson b: 23 Aug 1906 in Cortland, NY d: 09 Sep 1976 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 70

....... 5 WALTER ROSS SAMSON b: 05 Jul 1934 in Horseheads, NY

........... +Joanne Smith b: 04 Feb 1935 in Rochester, NY

2 Anna Elizabeth (Aunt Lib) Reed b: 07 Sep 1850 d: 28 Apr 1935 in @ 82 in home of grandaughter in Dundee(Theodora Brimmer). (may be 28 Apr 1935) Age at death: 84

.... +Theodore Bennett b: Abt. 1849 in NY d: 24 Dec 1918 in Wayne, NY Age at death: 69 est.

.. 3 Lulu Bennett b: 1880 d: 26 Dec 1963 Age at death: 83 est.

...... +Joel Pitcher b: 1877 d: 30 Nov 1946 Age at death: 69 est.

.... 4 Theodora Pitcher

........ +Elmer Brimmer d: 25 Aug 1963 in Breesport, NY Age at death: ?

2 George W. Reed b: 14 Jun 1852 d: 17 Dec 1937 Age at death: 85

.... +Sarah Axtell b: Jul 1859 in Town of Wayne, Yates Co. NY

.. 3 Katherine Agnes "Kate" Reed b: 02 Aug 1883

...... +Harry Gray


2 Francis Eugene Reed b: 07 May 1856 d: 03 Oct 1858 in Verify Dates. Age at death: 2

2 Mary E. Reed b: 14 Sep 1862 in Wayne, NY d: 18 Sep 1930 in Wayne, NY Age at death: 68

.... +Asa Robbins b: 1857 d: Aft. 18 Sep 1930 Age at death: 73 est.


2 Willard S. Reed b: 01 May 1871 d: 24 Oct 1921 Age at death: 50

.... +Estella Brush


1 James Henry WEBSTER b: 28 Feb 1833 in NY d: 06 Jan 1924 in Maple Grove Cemetery Age at death: 90

. +Helen A. Gardnier b: 31 May 1834 in Also show spelling as Gardner d: 22 Dec 1907 in Maple Grove Cemetery Age at death: 73

2 SOPHIA EMMILINE WEBSTER (MOTHER) b: 09 Jun 1859 in Dundee, N. Y. d: 19 Oct 1937 in Vary Cemetery, Ridge Rd. Horseheads, NY. N-2/33/#2 Age at death: 78

.... +LAWRENCE FOLEY REED b: 14 Jan 1849 in Town of Wayne, Yates Co. NY d: 14 Dec 1918 in Vary Cemetery, Ridge Rd. Horseheads, NY. N-2/33/#1 Age at death: 69

.. 3 BERNEICE REED b: 17 Dec 1882 d: 03 Feb 1958 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 75

...... +Charles A. MacDougall b: 16 Sep 1877 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co., NY d: 21 Dec 1966 in Ridge Rd. Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY Age at death: 89

.... 4 HELEN ALLYNE MACDOUGAL b: 12 Jan 1909 in Horseheads, NY d: 27 Mar 1995 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 86

........ +Charles Ralph "Ted" Samson b: 23 Aug 1906 in Cortland, NY d: 09 Sep 1976 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 70

2 Prudence Cornelia (Nellie) Webster b: 30 Apr 1864 d: 05 Apr 1918 Age at death: 53

.... +George Connelly

.. 3 Harold W. Connelly b: 1891 d: 08 Mar 1924 in Syracuse, NY Age at death: 33 est.

...... +Arah Goff

.... 4 Betty Jane Connelly b: 05 Jan 1921

2 Helen Louise Webster b: 17 Jul 1866 d: 30 Mar 1946 Age at death: 79

.... +Bert R. Axtell b: 1870 d: Apr 1935 Age at death: 65 est.

.. 3 Alveda M. Axtell b: 1905 d: 28 Jan 1977 Age at death: 72 est.

...... +Peter Zepp b: Abt. 1905 d: 23 May 1981 in ae. 76 Age at death: 76 est.

2 [1] William Enoch Webster b: 13 Sep 1868 d: 1946 Age at death: 77 est.

.... +Nellie Bailey b: 20 Aug 1874 in Wayne, NY d: Nov 1916 in Starkey, NY Age at death: 42 est.

.. 3 Wilma Webster b: 1901 in adopted by Will and Wilma per 1910 census

*2nd Wife of [1] William Enoch Webster:

.... +Ida McIntyre b: 1878 d: 23 Aug 1946 in Cleveland at son's buried in Dundee, NY Age at death: 68 est.

2 James Ross Webster b: 1873 d: 1913 Age at death: 40 est.

.... +Charlotte Hovey

.. 3 Helen Webster b: 13 Jan 1903 d: 13 Aug 1965 Age at death: 62

...... +Alex Nieman


1 MARION MAC DOUGALL b: 08 May 1850 d: 01 Apr 1918 in Vary Cemetery. S-2/Q/#6. Age at death: 67

+EMMA ULISSA EGBERT b: 07 Oct 1849 in Cem. records show b. 1850 d: 09 Oct 1918 in Vary Cemetery. S-2/Q/#7 hms shows d. 1 Apr 1918. Age at death: 69

2 Charles A. Mac Dougall b: 16 Sep 1877 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co., NY d: 21 Dec 1966 in Ridge Rd. Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY. Vary Cem. C-1/142/#2 Age at death: 89

+Berneice Reed b: 17 Dec 1882 d: 03 Feb 1958 in Ridge Rd. Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY. Vary Cem. C-1/142/#1 m: 19 Dec 1905 Age at death: 75

3 Helen Allyne Mac Dougall b: 12 Jan 1909 in Horseheads, NY d: 27 Mar 1995 in Horseheads, NY. Vary Cemetery C1/138/#1 Age at death: 86

+Charles Ralph "Ted" Samson b: 23 Aug 1906 in Cortland, NY d: 09 Sep 1976 in Horseheads, NY. Vary Cemetery C1/138/#2 m: 26 Jul 1930 Age at death: 70

4 Walter Ross Samson b: 05 Jul 1934 in Horseheads, NY

2 William (Bill) Mac Dougall b: 16 Sep 1879 d: 24 Jun 1951 in Horseheads, NY Age at death: 71

+Sadie Updike b: 1883

3 Clarabelle Mac Dougall b: 1905

+Ed Dykes b: 1903 m: 25 Nov 1927

2 George P. Mac Dougall b: 20 Jan 1883 d: in May have died in Odd Fellows Home in Oregon.

2 Alonzo F. (Lon) Mac Dougall b: 04 Aug 1884 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY d: 13 Oct 1960 in Lived in Erin, NY b. Maple Grove Cemetery Age at death: 76

+Mira Smith b: 1888 d: 14 Aug 1963 in Erin, NY. Maple Grove Cemetery. m: 22 Sep 1910 Age at death: 75 est.

2 Harry Mac Dougall b: 24 Dec 1887 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY d: 05 Jun 1974 in Ridge Rd. Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY. Vary Cem. C-1/142/#3. Unmarried. Age at death: 86

2 Jay E. Mac Dougall b: 29 Nov 1890 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY d: 26 Apr 1970 in Lived in Dundee, NY. Age at death: 79

+Corene Oldroyd m: 1920

3 Betty Jean Mac Dougall

3 Leonore (Nonie) Mac Dougall

2 Grace Marion Mac Dougall b: 06 Jul 1895 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY d: Sep 1984 in Flordia Age at death: 89 est.

+Virgil Fishel b: 27 Nov 1892 d: Mar 1973 in Flordia m: 21 Oct 1925 Ithaca, NY Age at death: 80 est.

3 Marion Fishel

+Ray Humpheries

2 Gordon Mac Dougall b: 10 Jun 1897 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY d: 13 Jan 1898 in Town of Veteran, Chemung Co. NY as an infant. Age at death: 0

Friday, January 1, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Burr J. Parsons, 64, of the Middle Road, Town of Veteran, died unexpectedly Friday, Jan. 1, 1937. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Julia Parsons; two daughters, Marion and Phyllis, all of Elmira, and a son, Carl, of Binghamton. The body is in the Matthews and Van Buskirk funeral home, Horseheads. Funeral announcement later. Kindly omit flowers.

Dinner at Jay MacDougalls' at Dundee. Helen, Harry, Mother, Walter and I got to Dundee at 11:00. Found Jay's folks were all moved to their new home. They purchased it very reasonably, left furnished just as the old lady resident had left it. Mother went up to Theodora for dinner. We took meat loaf, salad, and cake. Jay at work in the garage. Betty Jean at H-H. Harry helped Dorene move beds around etc. Leonore and Walter had a nice time playing. Helen, Walter and I over to Theodore in the afternoon. Mother went home with Lulu for a few day's visit. Warm - people plowing all along the road.

Wednesday, January 6, 1937

Charlie and I went to Burr Parson's funeral - he was a bearer. Stopped for Harry. Only a few people there. No flowers and a very plain casket. Julia not present. Saw Hattie Sterling - she leaving her work and going to Montour soon. Only 20 people at the grave. A queer end or a queer man. He had been very clever in fixing his car for his death - had the monoxide gas piped up into the inside of the car. Left an itemized account of his indebtedness - quite a lot - only 37 cents and no rood on hand. Phyllis' husband was in charge of the funeral. Kars in Binghamton Insane Asylum. "Verily, the wages of sin is death."

Thursday, January 7, 1937

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Weiss son and father were up for supper. Mr. Weiss Sr. very nice. Richard about to leave for Walhill where he will go in training for prison guard.

Friday, January 8, 1937

Helen, Walter and I went to Wayne to get mother. A nice, very warm day. Had dinner at Lulu's. Had salmon, potatoes, spinach, tomatoes, two kinds of Julia's good pickles, pickled peaches, pudding and cake. Had also a nice visit. Started home at 4:00 and a good trip back. Mother seemed tired after her visit.

Saturday, January 9, 1937

Pomona Grange at Seeley Creek. Helen, Walter and I went Manley Park gave a very interesting talk o the county farm affairs and Albert Storch told of his recent trip to California. Helen took Walter for a ride as he found the meeting tiresome.

Monday, January 11, 1937

Charlie and I went down to Bililngs for the day. I made out his Income Tax. Had a swell dinner with a huge roast of the nicest beef I ever saw - Bert got a quarter of an angus heifer. Nice time all day. Quite warm. Went to Grange at night - Gordon and I.

Tuesday, January 12, 1937

Helen's birthday - 37 today. I took her four Pyrex baking dishes which she needed. She received nice gifts from her mystery sister and from Ted. They went to Elmira and I cared for Stuart - and he is a corker now a day. Got in the swill pail and threw it all over etc. My birthday club sent flowers to Helen (some hard feelings in the method used.) Saw another white owl down by Conklins.

Wednesday, January 13, 1937

Colder and the north wind blew a hurricane all day. Jesse, Fred and Arthur called.

Newspaper Clipping: The Airmen's 23d Psalm

By Miss D. Ann Harding

The Lord is my Beacon. I shall not crash.

He guideth me to hurry through the dense clouds.

He lighteth my way across the dark skies.

He guardeth my plane. He leadeth me by the stars of His Kingdom for His name's sake.

Yea, though I fly 'mid the tumult and sorrows of wars, I shall feel no danger, for He flies with me.

His words and His deeds they inspire me.

He prepareth a field before me.

He anointeth my wings; my plane flies smoothly.

Surely, His light shall aid me in my journey home, where I shall dwell in peace with my God forever.

The author, a nurse in the McClean Hospital, makes her home in Beverly, Mass.

Thursday, January 14, 1937

1849 Lawrence Reed born. Home Bureau at Grange Hall. Helen attended. A planned luncheon was served. Menu: Creamed potatoes, braised cabbage and bacon, lima and string beans, garnished with deviled eggs. Milk to drink, oatmeal cookies. All cookies baked and served at the Hall.

Newspaper Clipping: Veteran Home Bureau met at the Grange Hall, January 14, for an all day meeting. Mrs. Edward Stermer gave a lesson on nutrition and luncheon was prepared under her supervision. Members present were: Mrs. John Van Why, Mrs. Charles Mosher, Mrs. Frank Conklin, Mrs. Edward Van Duzer, Mrs. Donald Dann, Mrs. Benjamin Turner, Mrs. John Lawes, Mrs. William Hurley, Mrs. Frank Lent, Mr. Jacob Leach, Mrs. Emma Banks, Mrs. William Carmon, Mrs. G. Archie Turner, Mrs. Lawrence Dann, Mrs. James Earl, Mrs. Clarence Scott, Mrs. Bert billings, Mrs. F. Edward Stermer, Mrs. William Hamilton, Mrs. Charles Samson and the hostess, Mrs. Ernest Benjamin.

Friday, January 15, 1937

"Feeding Family" - 2nd lesson. Berneice substituted for Helen Stermer and Annabel Van Duzer. Menu: baked squash stuffed with sausage, tomatoes chest and pepper goulash on toast, spinach, salad, eggs, raw carrots, stuffed celery, sponge cake pieces rolled in icing then in ground peanuts. Fairmont Creamery entertains farmers at H-H Grange Hall.

Saturday, January 16, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Mrs. Hazel McDougal Caywood and Lester Tifft of Center Mills were married at the home of the bride on Highland Avenue at noon Saturday. The Rev. Eugene Bardwell performed the ceremony. The attendants were Mrs. Emma Tifft, mother of the bridegroom, and John McDougal, father of the bride. Mr. and Mrs. Tifft left for a short wedding trip after which they will reside in Millport. Guests at the wedding were Mrs. Emma Tifft and Francis Tifft of Center Mills, Mrs. and Mrs. Elbert Saylor of Montour Falls, Mrs. Fred Eldridge and Robert Eldridge of Watkins glen, Floyd McDougal and Layton McDougal of Geneva, Mr. and Mrs. John McDougal, Stella Wager, Ella McDougal, Mary, Arthur and James Caywood, Lauren McDougal and Bernard Milichar of Millport.

Monday, January 18, 1937

Menu: fruit cocktail with mint syrup, roast ham, mashed potatoes, salad (shrimp, Chinese cabbage and pepper) jam, pickles and olives, stuffed celery. Cheese, apple pie and sponge cake.

Wednesday, January 20, 1937

Meeting at Edna Turner's for all interested in project Family Relations - (Keeping Mentally Well). Miss Wallace explained the study club. Each member will lead in discussions for each lesson. Berneice MacDougall appointed for first lesson. Those present were: Helen Stermer, Mrs. Lawes, Mrs. Leach, Mona Van Why, Mary Dann, Julia Dann, Francis Dann, Mrs. Conklin, Ruth Mosher, Annabel Van Duzer, Helen Samson, Berneice MacDougall, Edna Turner - Emma Billings one visitor Mrs.Conklin's sister. Refreshments were served - ice cream and cake.

Thursday, January 21, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Veteran News

At the regular meeting of Veteran Grange, Friday evening, January 22, the first and second degree will be given to a class of three candidates. The lecturer's program will be a surprise feature. After the meeting, bingo will be played and members are asked to take articles to be used for prizes. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Antes of Sagetown and Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Linderberry of Elmira were dinner guests Sunday at Charles MacDougall's. Mr. and Mrs. Amel Ramstein have returned from a two week motor trip which included Kalamazoo, and Detroit, Mich., and Huntington W. Va. George E. Turner, who recently received a severe eye injury while engaged in trimming trees, is receiving treatments from Dr. Seafuse in Elmira. Fred Dann is spending several weeks at Alden, N.Y., where he will receive treatments for a very severe case of rheumatism. Mrs. Charles MacDougall attended the training school for nutrition leaders of the Home Bureau. The school was held in the Elmira Light, Heat and Power Corporation's kitchen, under the direction of Miss Lorna Barber, nutrition specialist, from the College at Ithaca. Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Dann and infant son, spent Sunday with Mrs. Dann's parents at Newfield. The group of Veteran Home Bureau studying in the project "Family Relations," met Wednesday evening at the home of Mrs. Benjamin Turner for the first lesson, which was given by Miss Ethel Wallace, home demonstration agent.

Friday, January 22, 1937

Veteran Grange Meeting. Gave first and second degrees to Eva Becker, Randolph Earl and Leo Stevens, Jr. A short program and then played "bingo" for packaged prizes donated by members. Helen and I no luck. We rode with Ramsteins. Enough snow to make it slippery driving.

Saturday, January 23, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Winter Hits Citrus Crop

Los Angeles, (API - Winter struck the half-billion dollar California citrus fruit industry its hardest blow in 24 years Friday. Damage from the worst freeze since 1913 may total at least 50 per cent of the current crop of oranges, lemons and grapefruit. Temperatures in the heart of the 250,000-acre citrus empire dropped as low as 16 degrees - 16 below freezing - early Friday. Government weather men at Pomona forecast that "conditions Friday night will be decidedly better." The bitterest far-western cold wave in decades held tight in seven states, while a costal storm brought some relief to the Pacific Coast. Snow drifts isolated at least two groups of persons.

Newspaper Clipping: Floods at a Glance

Washington - President appeals for two million dollars to succor nearly 300,000 homeless in flooded Ohio and Mississippi River valleys.

Cincinnati - Ohio River reaches unprecedented stage of 72.8 feet, with five million dollars damage forecast, 11 square miles of city inundated.

Portsmouth, O. - Twenty thousand refugees watch water flow 11 feet deep through city streets; acute shortage of food.

Frankfort, KY. - Reformatory evacuates 2,900 prisoners after 24 attempt escape by swimming; all but one recaptured.

Louisville, KY. - Several square miles of city under water; 6,600 homeless; theaters, schools closed.

Paducah, KY. - Ohio covers half city, forcing between 8,000 and 10,000 to evacuate.

Evansville, Ind. - Fifty river boats embark with supplies for other flooded river towns.

Cairo, Ill. - Two hundred workers reinforce levee at confluence of Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, with water rising.

Shawneetown, Ill. - First report in 36 hours pictures levee imperiled, pneumonia prevalent, 500 persons huddled in high school.

Sunday, January 24, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Flood Situation at a Glance

By the Associated Press

Washington - President Roosevelt puts five agencies on virtual "war-time basis" to relieve flood sufferers as 350,000 are reported homeless.

Louisville - Mayer says 200,000 homeless; no drinking water; fear intense; power shutoff at midnight.

Cincinnati - Three mile long fire brought under control with damage estimated at $1,500,000; Ohio River still rising after breaking all flood records. One thousand National Guardsmen called to duty; 65,000 homeless in Greater Cincinnati.

Memphis - Flood waters three miles wide; hundreds reported marooned on Mississippi River islands. Armed farmers prevent cutting of Missouri levee. Engineers fear for residents in valleys of St. Francis and Black Rivers, say "conditions terrible."

Frankfort, Ky. - Kentucky river again rising. About 1,500 homeless. Prepare to evacuate 2,900 prisoners from state reformatory.

Paducah, Ky. - Fully 10,000 evacuate city before Ohio flood waters.

Portsmouth, Ohio - Acute flood shortage faces 25,000 refugees.

Shawneetown, Ill. - More than 600 WPA workers aid volunteers repair leak in levee. Practically entire town evacuated.

Harrisburg, Ill. - Power shortage feared in wide Southern Illinois area. Many towns isolated in at least seven counties.

Aurora, Ind. - Radio operator reports city has no water supply; completely isolated. About 4,000 refugees.

Wheeling, W. Va. - Fully 22,000 homeless in state. Damage estimates range from $2,000,000 to $5,000,000.

Nashville, Tenn. - Estimate 10,000 refugees in state. Four dead. Property damage about $10,000,000

Tuesday, January 26, 1937

Helen, Walter and Berneice went to Elmira - got licenses. Car - $13, Truck - $36

Newspaper Clipping: Tuesday, Jan. 26

Forty-five years ago today everyone was talking about the 35 ladies who raided the illegal whiskey joints of Lathrop, Kan. The raids, made famous by the militant prohibitionist, Carrie Nation, had occurred the year before, causing quite a rumpus. It was Carrie Nation's practice to smash all the mirrors and the bottles of liquor, and leave the Demon Rum with a headache of the first degree. The 35 ladies were acquitted.

Newspaper Clipping: Flood Situation at a Glance

By the Associated Press

Louisville - The flooded city was placed under martial law and Gov. A. B. Chandler urged President Roosevelt to send federal troops to take charge. Many of the 230,000 homeless ill. General evacuation urged. Power cut off.

Cincinnati - City Manager Dykstra named "disaster dictator" of city. Drinking water polluted. Rising Ohio spread across 25 square miles. Fire and flood losses amount to $7,000,000. Homeless number 65,000.

Portsmouth - Red Cross arranged removal of 5,000 of 25,000 refugees to Columbus by train. Three-fourths of town under water.

Charleston, Mo. - Government engineers blasted two openings in New Madrid-Bird's Point floodway, allowing Mississippi to pour over 131,000acres in effort to slow the sharp rise upstream.

Frankfort, Ky. - At least 12 rioting convicts reported killed in flood-bound state reformatory.

Evansville, Ind. - Relief army of 10,000 moves to evacuate residents of all Ohio River territory. One-third of city submerged.

Memphis - Hundreds flee swelling streams in South. Several towns isolated.

Cairo - Women, children and aged ordered to leave as Ohio nears top of 60 foot sea wall. Five thousand of 12,000 citizens moved out by auto and special trains. Shawneetown residents taken out by river boats.

Pittsburgh - Rain-fed rivers ascend toward 35 foot mark - 10 over flood stage - threatening new inundation.

Washington - Red Cross with $1,000,000 already allotted, seeks $4,000,000 more for flood sufferers. The Government prepared to share relief costs.

Ohio River 79.6 ft. deep

Wednesday, January 27, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Engineers Fight to Save Memphis from Ruin; 400 Die, 750,000 Homeless

By the Associated Press

A great, quiet fight to strengthen the already strained levees of the Mississippi - gravely threatened by the history-making flood on the Ohio River - was being waged Tuesday night as the outlook in the hard-hit Ohio Valley brightened. Altogether the floods - reaching from the upper Ohio to the Deep South - had taken more than 400 lives; made an estimated 750,000 homeless; caused property damage at more than $300,000,000.

Thursday, January 28, 1937

Officers and Lecturer's Conference in Farm Bureau office.

Newspaper Clipping: Officers Conference

Grange Officers Conference will be held January 28, at the Farm Bureau office in Elmira. At 10 a.m. the lecturers will meet with the Pomona lecturer, the juvenile matrons with the juvenile deputy and the other officers with the deputy. After lunch a model grange will be conducted under the direction of the deputy and plans will be made for the county program for the ensuing year.

A very successful conference. Every lecturer of the County present. 26 officers attended conference in the afternoon. Ate dinner at New England Kitchen in company with Mrs. Thomas Rhodes, Mrs. Florence Bowers and Helen.

Newspaper Clipping: [unreadable - folded up on page]

Saturday, January 30, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: by International News Service

One hundred thousand odd men this afternoon were toiling against time in the Mississippi River Valley fighting the terrible surging waters of flood-swollen rivers, and they knew that within 96 hours the crisis would be at hand. This peacetime army of laborers, struggling with pick and shovel, was fighting a fight more dramatic than any war ever has seen. The peace and security of a vast empire, bordering both sides of the Mississippi - a land richer than that of the Nile - was at stake. For by Wednesday, at the earliest, the crest of the flood was expected to rush past Cairo and pour down into the fertile Mississippi Valley, and men by the thousands battled to build breastworks and levees on both sides of the stream to save the rich cotton belt from disaster.

Appalling Disaster in Wake.

As the flood lunged southward, hungry for even more disaster, it left in its wake an appalling devastation of the fertile Ohio Valley. A million and a quarter people have been driven from their homes. At least 400 have lost their lives and the property damage will approximate four hundred million dollars. The destruction along the Ohio is even not yet complete. At Evansville, Ind., the crest was not expected until late today and every fraction of an inch rise in the river meant increased misery for its inhabitants. Harrisburg, Ill., and other small communities remained isolated as the flood waters swirled high around the houses and business buildings.

Sunday, January 31, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Mrs. Mariam Dennison, 82, a prominent resident of Millport died Sunday morning, Jan. 31, 1937, after an extended illness. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Laura Burgess of Pine Valley; a sister, Mrs. Louis Cramers of Texas; three nephews, Fred Smart of Elmira, Clarence Smart of Penn Yan and Harold Smart of Seneca Falls; a niece, Mrs. Teressa Muller of Elmira. Mrs. Dennison was a member of the Millport Baptist Church for more than 50 years. The body is in the Mathews & Van Buskirk funeral home, Horseheads. Funeral announcement later.

Newspaper Clipping: [part of text covered by other clipping] 1917 -- World War two and a half years ? announced she was resuming unrestricted submarine warfare on shipping in waters surrounding her enemies, the allied powers.

Monday, February 1, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: The levee yielded at Bessie, Tenn. It spread more water on 20,000 acres - already flooded by backwater. Residents had evacuated while 2,000 men fought a losing battle against the water. The main dikes held firm. Already, Army engineers have cleared 50,000 persons from the Mississippi flood basin. Troops stood ready to evacuate thousands more if the levees showed signs of weakening.

Damage Estimate Higher

Damage estimates mounted to above $100,000,000 in Louisville, Ky., alone. As the river fell slowly there, the vast task of cleaning up proceeded apace. A strict quarantine was in fore to check any disease epidemic. The death total there climbed to 207 for the flood period. Damage in the 11 affected areas was estimated above $400,000,000. Deaths were estimated around 400. An unconfirmed report said 12 bodies were removed from the Paducah, Ky., flood area. A heavy steel barge, loaded with scores of WPA levee workers, sank in the Birds Point-New Madrid, Mo., spillway. Officials said it was impossible to learn if any had drowned. Some workers said from 30 to 40 may have lost their lives. Prayers went up from churches along the Ohio and Mississippi for no more rain. From Cairo, where the Ohio meets the Mississippi, to New Orleans, the great Mississippi was climbing. Waters surged through the Bonnet Carre spillway into Lake Ponchartrain above New Oleans for the first time in history.

Battle Rising Water

A grim battle was waged in Cairo against the rising river. Al women and children were ordered evacuated anew. The water stood at 59.27 feet. The margin of safety to the top of the 63 foot seawall grew smaller. Nearly 4,500 toil-worn men kept vigil along the emergency bulwarks. Whistles and sirens were ready to announce any break. Water crept almost to the top of one section. A steel flood gate that would close the only remaining highway exit from the city was held ready to be dropped to hold off the water if need be. Three towboats, steam up, were prepared to shove a big steel barge into any break in the levee. Paducah, Ky., a city of 30,000 upstream, was abandoned temporarily to the flood waters. U.S. Army regulars joined National and Coast Guardsmen in evacuating the last of the residents to leave. Three hundred former service men cruised the water filled streets to guard against looters. En route to the flood zone as a member of a Government commission, WPA Administrator Harry L. Hopkins bespoke an intention to be "damn sure the job of relief and rehabilitation was well done."

Newspaper Clipping: Detoit (AP) - A "showdown" on legality of the sit-down strike, principal weapon of the union which has spread paralysis through nearly all General Motors Corporation's automotive assembly lines, impends today at Flint, Mich., where strikers have held two body plants for 32 days. Continued occupancy of Fisher Body Company Plants No. 1 and 2 by members of the United Automobile Workers of America has proved an obstacle thus far insurmountable by the state and federal officials attempting to arrange for peace negotiations. Judge Paul V. Gadola of the Genesee County (flint) Circuit Court has summoned Homer Martin, UAWA president, and 29 other labor leaders to show cause at 2 p.m. today why he should not grant an injunction against the strikers who have held their posts since Dec. 30 despite riots which caused Gov. Frank Murphy to send 2,300 National Guardsmen to Flint.

Injunction Is Asked

General Motors, in its second attempt to clear the strikers from its plants by court action, asked a mandatory injunction to compel immediate evacuation by the strikers whom it said were "no longer in the employ of the company." The petition declared the "sit-down" of the union members forced closing of plants valued at $15,000,000, whose payroll for a month exceeds $1,445,000, and charged the strikers are holding up production amounting to $45,000,000 annually and that some of this business is going to other firms. General Motors has consistently refused to negotiate with the UAWA while its plants are held by men it has termed trespassers. Meanwhile spreading shutdowns in other corporation plants brought idleness to nearly 150,000 workers, of whom some 50,000 have been on a part-time basis building up inventories. Two thousand Buick workers at Flint return to their jobs today.

Thursday, February 4, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Charles Augustus Lindbergh, destined to write his name immortally in the sullen skies that canopy the Atlantic, was born in Detroit, Mich., 35 years ago today. High adventure, great glory, deep tragedy have seldom been as pronounced in one man as they have in him, the tragedy finally driving him to seek asylum away from his native land.

Newspaper Clipping: Say Worst Now Past In Flooded Sections

By the Associated Press

The flood menace so long overhanging much of the country appeared lessening everywhere Wednesday night, inspiring hopes that the job ahead was mainly one of consolidating positions against the waters. The Ohio, reaching its biggest crest of all time at Cairo, Ill., still was held back by that city's lofty levees and the persistence of the men who remained at imminent peril to defend it. Great danger continued, but hope was better grounded than fear. The Mississippi was rising south of New Orleans. It was above flood stage as far down as Vicksburg, Miss., General Malin Craig, the Army chief of staff, reassured the people: "Everything is holding all right in the lower river."

Light Rain Predicted

There was a forecast of rain in parts of the Mississippi and Ohio basins - and engineers had said too much of that on strategic tributary basins might be disastrous - but the Weather Bureau said the fall would not be heavy enough to work substantial harm. The Government nevertheless turned a sharp eye upon the White, St. Francis and Upper Yazoo Rivers, along with their tributaries, which feed the Lower Mississippi. A $136,000 allotment for emergency rescue work and levee maintenance was made. On the Mississippi, the one important question - Will the main levees hold? - was answered "yes" y flood fighting officials who had led 120,000 men in a great task of pushing upward hundreds upon hundreds of miles of bulwarks to heights well above the expected river levels. Sectional overflows of minor rivers and preliminary out-bank forays of the Mississippi itself had forced more than 200,000 from their homes and relief sources were taxed.

Disease Is Controlled

Louisville, Ky., - (AP) - Louisville, in the midst of rehabilitation after the unexampled flood of last week, took heart Wednesday night for an announcement that there was an almost complete absence of communicable diseases in the city. This word came from Dr. Hugh Rodman Leavell, city health officer, who placed the death total at 243. He characterized the 19 deaths since Monday as no more than normal. He reiterated his earlier statement that only three deaths were caused by drowning. At Mayor Neville Miller's press conference the latest official estimate of flood damage was placed at $71,000,000. This was described as a "conservative estimate by an expert committee."

Saturday, February 6, 1937

Nice as spring. Charlie and I attended Dairymen's League meeting at night. Election of officers. Met Mr. and Mrs. Porter - he the new director. He is Deputy of Tompkins Co. Charlie used to know his family. Nice but not filling Paul Smith's place to any degree. Discussed abolition of Control Board. Some in favor - some opposed. I made oyster soup for crowd. Used 3 gal. of oysters.

Tuesday, February 9, 1937

There was a card party and dance at the Grange Hall sponsored by Veteran and Horseheads Granges for benefit of flood sufferers (Brother Grangers) $14 realized. Mrs. Chappell and Lily committee - Lily not able to serve.

Wednesday, February 10, 1937

Charlie went to Millport and paid the taxes - $74.20. Also bought license for Char dog $1.25.

Thursday, February 11, 1937

Home Bureau met at hall. I had charge of the planned dinner. Menu: Sweet potato and sausage puff, spinach, corn, tomato and pepper stew served on toast, sponge cake rolled in icing and then in ground peanuts, salad, raw carrots, ground peanuts, toasted crumbs, hard cooked eggs and little onion. Only twelve members present.

Friday, February 12, 1937

Grange Meeting. Only 15 members present so many sick of grippe. Juvenile Grange upstairs for program. Program consisted of 4 tableaus picturing different episodes in life of Lincoln - parts taken - boyhood (reading by fireplace), Marshall Conklin - Railsplitter, Benjamin Turner Jr. - Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, Benjamin and Virginia Conklin - giving his Gettysburg Address, Leo Stevens. Selections by several members and Valentine game.

Newspaper Clipping: Veteran News

The Study Club of the Veteran Home Bureau met Wednesday evening at the home of Mrs. Laurance Dann of the Middle road. The discussion of the first lesson of "Keeping Mentally Well" was led by Mrs. Charles MacDougall. The next meeting will be held February 24 and the leader will be Mrs. Jacob Tesch of the Ridge road. Mrs. Martin Petrick, who was seriously injured when she was thrown from a wagon, is slowly gaining. Her four daughters are caring for her at the family home. George E. Turner, who injured an eye recently while trimming threes, is improving slowly, an eye ulcer having developed from the injury. He receives daily treatments from Dr. Seafuse of Elmira. The Veteran Local of the Dairymen's League held its annual meeting at the Grange Hall. Officers elected were: president, Benjamin Turner; secretary, George A. Turner; director, Frank Conklin. Delegates were appointed to attend the milk meeting in Binghamton and other business transacted. Mr. Porter, Dairymen's League director of Lockwood, addressed the meeting. Talks were also given by County President G. Archie Turner and George Stevenson, plant superintendent. An oyster supper was prepared and served by the ladies under the direction of Mrs. Benjamin Turner and Mrs. Milton Roy. Sixty were present. Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Dann spent the weekend with their son, Robert and family in Painted Post. Mr. Dann is much improved in health as the result of his recent three weeks treatment at a sanatorium.

Saturday, February 13, 1937

Pomona Grange. Met in Horseheads Grange Hall. A good attendance and nice dinner. Mr. Campbell of the bank present to talk on the program. Mrs. Crounse sang. Mr. and Mrs. Mead and two daughters of Reading and Mr. and Mrs. Kendall (Pomona Lecturer of Schuyler Co.) of Moreland present.

Newspaper Clipping: February 13, 1917

Escorted by police and secret service agents, Count von Bernstorff, the German ambassador, left Washington for New York at midnight to sail home.

Monday, February 15, 1937

Farmers Week starts at Cornell. Helen started teaching in Dist. No. 9 for a substitute for Emily Dalrymple who was sick. Taught for the entire week.

Tuesday, February 16, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Lake Keuka Without Ice

Penn Yan - (AP) - The waves on Lake Keuka, free from solid-surface ice for the first time in many winters, lap a cheerful tune on the shore for fishermen and state fish hatchery officials but murmur the "blues" for icemen and cottagers. All winter there has been little more than a fringe of thin ice around the lake, which normally produces thousands of tons of ice for shipment to urban centers and ice houses of the cottages which line the shore. The ice-less lake is a boon to the conservationist and the fishermen. State fish hatchery workmen are finding it easy to haul their nets for lake trout in the open water. The males are released, but the large females are kept and their eggs taken and shipped to trout hatcheries.

Wednesday, February 17, 1937

Dollar Day! Free movies in H-H Grange Hall by a feed co.

Newspaper Clipping: Mrs. Emma Vanderlip Thorn, 85, widow of John E. Thorn, former residents of Horseheads, died Wednesday, Feb. 17, 1937 at the Home of the Aged in Elmira where she had been a resident six years. Mrs. Thorn is survived by a brother, W. C. Vanderlip of 1215 West First Street, Elmira; a nephew, W. C. Vanderlip Jr., of Elmira. The body is in the Matthews & Van Buskirk funeral home, Horseheads, where the funeral will be held Friday at 2 p.m. the Rev. C. Hildreth Wilcox of Horseheads and the Rev. Clyde Rosekrans of Millerton will officiate. Maple Grove Cemetery, Horseheads.

Newspaper Clipping: A daughter, Marjorie Ann, was born Wednesday, Feb. 17, 1937, at the Arnot-Ogden Hospital to Ernest C. and Julia Shippers Grant of 111 Lexington Avenue.

Thursday, February 18, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Cornell Honors Jesse Dalrymple

Jesse Dalrymple, son of Mrs. Grace Dalrymple of Miller Villa and a graduate of the Horseheads High School, was honored during the recent visit of Mrs. Franklin L. Roosevelt to Farm and Home Week at Cornell University when he was selected from 700 members of the senior class of the Agriculture College to represent that class, with three from other classes, to great Mrs. Roosevelt and act as her escort. The selection was based o nhis general standing and good work.

Friday, February 19, 1937

Mrs. Thornes funeral. Charlie and I went to Ithaca after dinner to meet Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Hoose of Mt. Vision Olsego Co. who were coming to visit us. Drove Ted?s Terraplane and had a lovely trip. Weather just like spring and the car very enjoyable. Found our friends on the steps of Bailey Hall and came back home. Walter went with us ? slept all the way over on the back seat. Found Mr. Hoose to be a very likeable, congenial farmer. They just buried their son Henry aged 26 who died of Hodgekins disease and were taking a trip to try and forget some of their grief. Had supper and visited all the evening.

Saturday, February 20, 1937

First meeting of "Peace" program. Big Flats at Chemung Valley. Mr. and Mrs. Hoose and I attended. The lecturer put on a very nice program ? only six Big Flats Grangers present and 60 of Chemung Valley. Mrs. Rhodes made a very fine presentation speech as she gave the flag to other lecturer. Mrs. Hoose sewed a lot on the flag helping me to get it ready for night.

Sunday, February 21, 1937

Dark day. Visited with our company all day. The electricity went off and on four times during the evening. A bad storm rain thunder and lightning. Changed to snow during the night.

Monday, February 22, 1937

Found the ground covered with about 8 in. of snow in the morning. Sun shone beautifully making every thing look like fairy land. Served a lunch of waffles, sausage and syrup to our guests and Helen took them to Elmira ? train left at 12:30. They expected to reach Oneonta at 4:00 where their son would meet them. Enjoyed their visit so much and think we have made some wonderful friends.

Tuesday, February 23, 1937

News Clipping: Veteran News

The Study Club of Veteran Home Bureau met with Mrs. F. O. Dann Wednesday evening. Chapter II of "Keeping Mentally Well" was the topic of he evening with Mrs. Jacob Tesch as leader. The next meeting will be held March 11 at the Grange Hall in conjunction with the whole Home Bureau unit. The first two chapters will be reviewed and the discussion of Chapter III led by Mrs. John VanWhy. The Juvenile Grange of Veteran sponsored a dancing party at the hall Wednesday evening. Moore?s orchestra of Horseheads furnished the music and there was a good attendance.

Wednesday, February 24, 1937

Study Club Second meeting with Mary Dann. Not so many present ? several sick. Mrs. Tesch led in discussion of Chapter II in a very able manner. Mrs. Dann had read in the other book. Refreshments ? fruit cup and fancy cakes. After the club Helen and I went over and looked on at the Juvenile?s first dance. The youngsters had a wonderful time and made their expenses. Jack Moore?s orchestra consisting of Kenneth Mosher piano or accordion ? Dick Miles guitar ? Joe Nagley, saxophone ? and Jack Moore, violin ? very fine music.

Thursday, February 25, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: February 25 ? 1917

Two American women died as the Cunard liner Laconia, torpedoed by a German U-boat, sank off the Irish Coast. President Wilson asked Congress next day to declare a state of armed neutrality.

Newspaper Clipping: Washington ? (AP) ? Dr. F. E. Townsend, staring straight ahead without a flicker of emotion on his lean, angular face, heard a federal jury declare Wednesday that he was guilty of contempt of the House of Representatives. The verdict laid the old age pension man open to a possible jail sentence for his sensational walk-out last May on a House committee investigating the Townsend movement. The maximum penalty is $1,000 fine and a year in jail. "The verdict was not unexpected," Townsend said, "we have some reasons to expect such a verdict here, but expect to win eventually. In any case my work will go on. This will make no difference."

Sentence Is Delayed

Justice Peyton Gordon allowed the 70-year-old doctor three days in which to file a motion for a new trial and delayed passing sentence until after action on the motion.

Friday, February 26, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: The Veteran Grange held its regular meeting at the hall Friday evening. The first and second degrees were conferred on Mrs. Mary Personius and Mrs. Tom Personius. The literary program was a ceremony for the members who have reached the 25-year membership goal. They were awarded the silver star certificates and the presentation made by master Turner. The history of the grange was reviewed by Mrs. Anna Van Duzer and speeches of remembrances given by Mrs. Celia Hoke of Horseheads, Willet Hageman and others. The condition of Mrs. Martin Petrick, who was recently badly injured, is much improved.

Program greatly enjoyed. Mrs. Van Duzer?s history a very complete record of the Grange?s whole existence ? She 76. Mrs. Hoke enjoyed meeting again with us. She not so good ? very lame. Had a nice visit with her ? she 72. Mr. Hageman drove his horse and buggy as in days of old. Seemed like a hard job for him ? he in the 80?s. The Grange was organized in 1907. Charlie and I in the first class also the Hagemans. Mrs. Hageman was the first to die after the Grange was organized.

Sunday, February 28, 1937

Went on a nice auto trip with Helen, Ted and Walter. Called on the Emms and took them for a nice ride up to Caton and back by Corning. Country lovely ? covered with snow and a brilliant sun shining on it.

Tuesday, March 2, 1937

Indian Hunter, Cooper Park, Cooperstown, N.Y.

Wednesday, March 3, 1937

Helen, Walter and I went over to Catharine ? she had their car insurance transferred at Joe Hoffman?s and then we went over and called on Satie and Will ? found them feeling quite a lot better. * A beautiful bright spring day. *WRS ? 2607 Sarah McDougall Pelham Couch and Will Couch

Thursday, March 4, 1937

A Lecture on Methods of Discussion for the Study clubs by Dr. Rockwood in the YWCA. Helen drove their car and took Mary Dann, Mimie Tesch and I. Only 20 women present 8 of which were from our group. Our bunch ate lunch together at New England Kitchen. The meeting was very worth while. A real privilege to come in contact with a woman like Dr. Rockwood.

Newspaper Clipping: Bureau Members Meet

The Chemung County Home Bureau sponsored a "family life" meeting Thursday at the YWCA. Dr. Lemo Dennis Rockwood of Cornell University lead discussion of leadership problems and next year?s programs were considered.

Saturday, March 6, 1937

John Hollenbeck?s sale. Mr. and Mrs. H ? both died and the home was broken up. Everything sold ? her handkerchiefs and night dresses. Things went very cheap. I bought some books including Hidden Children, a good dictionary, Huckleberry Finn, Longfellow?s Poems for 40 cents. Charlie bo?t a sulky plow and a potato planter ? going to take Chappell and Anson Saunders in on that.

Sunday, March 7, 1937

The Polly?s up for lunch last night with the kids.

Tuesday March 9, 1937

A "bee" at the hall for cleaning it. I went in afternoon. Mrs. Ed. Van Duzer and I cleaned cupboard and washed dishes. Helen and Edna Turner mopped all of the floors in the place. The men carried out rubbish etc. and shellacked the floor one coat. Looks like a different place.

Thursday, March 11, 1937

Home Bureau and Study Club at the Hall. Helen and I acted as hostess. Some job getting fires going etc. The dinner was Lesson III on Eating for Health in charge of Olive Benjamin. Menu as follows: Stewed kidney salmon, scalloped sweet potatoes, brown bread and fruit cup. All prepared there. After dinner had the Study Club. I reviewed Chap. I ? Mrs. Tesch and Mrs. Van Why gave Chap. III.

Newspaper Clipping: The Veteran Home Bureau met Thursday at the Grange Hall. Lesson No. 3 in the project "Eating for Health" was given and the planned luncheon supervised by Mrs. Ernest Benjamin. In the afternoon the study club of the unit reviewed the first two chapters of "Keeping a Sound Mind" and the third chapter was explained by Mrs. John Van Why. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Dann spent Friday in Canton, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Samson spent Sunday afternoon with Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Thomas of Cortland.

Friday, March 12, 1937

Regular Grange Meeting. Gave 3rd and 4th degree to Miss Becker, Randolph Earl, Leo Stevens Jr, Mrs. Marian Personius and Mrs. Thos. Personius. Had a musical guessing game for program. Supper in charge of the Laurence Danns and Edward Van Duzer. Menu: Roast beef sandwiches, lots of cake and coffee. A good turn out and a fine time. The hall seems to clean and nice.

Newspaper Clipping: The regular meeting of Veteran Grange was held at the hall Friday evening. The third and fourth degrees were conferred on the following candidates: Mrs. Marion Personius, Leo Stevens, Jr., Eva Becker, Mrs. Thomas Personius, and Randolph Earl. The supper was in charge of Mr. and Mrs. Laurance Dann and Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Van Duzer.

Saturday, March 13, 1937

Pomona Grange at Veteran. Program included wonderful talks on their recent West Indies trip by Mr. and Mrs. Edward Stermer of Horseheads Grange. Bennie Turner played his piano accordion ? his first public appearance and he did fine.

Newspaper Clipping: Plan Travel Talk for Pomona Grange

The March meeting of Chemung County Pomona Grange will be held at Veteran Grange Hall Saturday, March 13. Dinner will be served promptly at 12 o?clock. The lecturer announces that the program will include an account of their recent trip to the West Indies, Panama Canal and other points by Mr. and Mrs. Edward Stermer of Horseheads Grange. It is also expected that some interesting moving pictures will be shown. Grangers please bring buttered rolls and other food for the dinner.

Newspaper Clipping: Veteran News

The following members of the Veteran Home Bureau study club attended the lecture given by Dr. Lemo Dennis Rockwood of Cornell at the Elmira Y.W.C.A. Thursday: Mrs. F. O. Dann, Mrs. Jacob Tesch, Mrs. John VanWhy, Mrs. Edward Stermer, Mrs. William Carman, Mrs. Charles Samson, and Mrs. Charles MacDougall. Gertrude Burrell, youngest daughter of Jerome Burrell, who has been confined to her home with pneumonia, is much better. Dr. M. E. Blostein of Horseheads has been administering TB test to the dairies of Veteran this week. Mr. and Mrs. Russell Polly of Elmira were Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Samson. Several from the vicinity attended the John Hollenbeck sale Saturday.

Tuesday, March 16, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Snow Mantle Covers State

By the Associated Press

Two persons were dead today as winter made and 11th-hour attempt to return to form. William Wiley, 55, of Ripley, was killed near Fredonia when an automobile and truck collided in blinding snow storm. At Syracuse, police investigated the death of an unidentified man to determine whether he had been struck by an automobile during recurrent snow flurries there. For the first time since Dec. 21, when winter officially began, the state?s highways, woods and fields were covered with a thick white blanket of snow. Temperatures hovered close below the freezing point. Driving conditions were dangerous throughout the entire state as the wet snow, reaching a depth of nearly four inches in some places, turned to freezing slush as it struck exposed highways.

The first bad blustery day of the season. Snow plow made two trips on the Ridge. Stormed and blowed all day.

Wednesday, March 17, 1937

The Grange served a banquet to the Junior Farm and Home Bureau. Fifty present. Julia Dann and Annabell Van Duzer committee. Menu as follows: tomato juice, mashed potatoes, brown gravy and roast pork, perfection salad (green in honor of day), pickles, apple sauce, carrots and peas, mince or pumpkin pie with cheese. I worked in the pantry with Emma billings. Went upstairs to the dance after supper. The Junior Home Bureau put on a play during the dance intermission "A Little Coo-Coo" They had been coached by Miss Duthie and did excellent ? Mavis Wheeler, Francis Dann, Margery Clark, Ida Smith Clark, Donna Goss.

Thursday, March 18, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Wind Ceases, Snow Drift Halted in Elmira; Vicinity Roads Cleared

Mother Nature has a watchful eye on the Queen City, the Southern Tier, it became evident Wednesday night when the two-day northwest wind broke and drifting stopped. While other cities in nearly all directions from Elmira shoveled and plowed frantically Wednesday, Elmira?s chief worries were over. County and state highways, with two exceptions, were clear at midnight and had been clear during the day. The exceptions were the Catlin and North Van Etten Roads. Only two county plows toiled through the night but nine others were ready to take to the highways at dawn. Cessation of the wind and a substantial crust had eliminated practically all drifting Wednesday night and 32 county highway workers had their first real sleep. Bus drivers, state troopers and railroads reported Elmira least affected by the winter?s heaviest snowstorm. Trouble began when they left the favored Elmira valley, they said. Heaviest drifting occurred at points north of the city. The Pennsylvania Railroad early Wednesday morning unpacked a new plow which has been standing in the Elmira shops for a year, dug its bright nose into drifts near Canandaigua. Other plows ran from Stanley to Sodus Point at intervals during the day. At Milo, six miles south of Penn Yan, and afternoon freight train was stuck in a drift for four hours. The total snowfall in Elmira during the storm which began Sunday afternoon, was eight inches, according to Wayland F. Hall, local server for the Weather Bureau. This brought the total snowfall in March to nine and a half inches. During February, eight and a quarter inches fell, four and a ?????? it on Feb. 22. Total January was five and a half inches, December six and a half and November seven inches. During last ??? 11 inches fell.

Newspaper Clipping: Today is the 100th anniversary of Grover Cleveland?s birth. The 22nd and 24th president of the United States was born in Caldwell, N.J., in 1837 and died in Princeton, N.J., in 1908. Most of his early life was passed in Buffalo, where he rose from a clerkship in a law office to sheriff of Erie county and mayor. He then became governor of New York and twice won the presidency, the first time in 1884. Buffalo especially marks the anniversary today.

Friday, March 19, 1937

The most awful of U.S. Tragedies!

Newspaper Clipping: Girl Sees Her Friends Torn to Death In London School Blast

Martha Harris, 18-year-old student in the London School, was a short distance away from the structure when it burst asunder with a terrific roar and killed hundreds of children. She describes the scene.

By Martha Harris written for the Associated Press

Overton, Tex. (AP) ? I was in the Home Economy Building about 60 yards from the school when I heard a terrible roar. The earth shook and brick and glass came showering down. I looked out a window and saw my friends dying like flies. Kids were blown out through the top onto the roof. Some of the hung up there and others fell off to the ground. I saw girls in my class jumping out windows like they were deserting a burning ship. My brother, Milton Harris, 16 years old, jumped and didn?t get a scratch; just a little bruise on his knee when he hit the ground. My friend, Geraldine Ruffin, jumped out, too, and was not hurt. My brother said the place just blew up all of a sudden and scared him awfully. It took his breath away and all he knew was he had to jump somewhere, anywhere. I saw a girl fall out of the top down through a big window which opened to the outside. The glass cut her leg off just like a knife would. The bodies of the kids were stacked up just like you would stack up cakes after the explosion. I?ll never forget how I saw my playmates? bodies torn, some of them blown to bits and never will be found, I know. It was horrible.

A cooking school at the Hall by the Atlantic Gas Co. Had browned veal squares, stuffed potatoes, buttered onions, orange and cream cheese salad. A wonderful thing for rural residents ? just the same as city?s gas.

Sunday, March 21, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: By the Associated Press

New London?s community school disaster, the greatest in the nation?s history, is summarized as follows: Dead ? 425 bodies recovered, total estimated dead 600. Injured ? Estimated at 175. Cause ? Still officially undetermined, but W. C. Shaw, school superintendent, said it undoubtedly resulted from accumulated gas. Unusual facts ? The London Consolidated School was reputed to the be wealthiest rural school in the United States; located in the world?s greatest oil area; physicians said that nearly every victim died from a fractured skull; bodies were carried to towns within a 50-mile radius to be prepared for burial; martial law in force. Rescue Work ? Workers, haggard by their long, grim toil, were hampered by a heavy rainstorm; Red Cross workers arrived. Austin ? Gov. James V. Allred sends expert investigators to the scene and ordered a military court of inquiry. The Legislature adopted a resolution calling for a legislative investigation. New London, Tex. (AP) ? The twisted bodies of 425 children and teachers were wrested from explosion shattered wreckage Friday and a military board rapidly began to trace the cause of the nation?s worst school disaster. At least three official inquires were started to determine the cause of the gigantic explosion in the London Consolidated School which made of this rich oil country a vast house of mourning. The apparent end of the grim recovery work was signalized by the concise comment of Col. E. E. Parker, commander of National Guard forces which held this territory under martial law: "The job is finished. We estimated 425 bodies were lifted from the ruins ? maybe more." But almost as he spoke Capt. Walter Elliott of the State Highway Patrol reported that "No two authorities agree as to the number of dead or the number unaccounted for," but "nearest estimate on deaths at present is between 500 and 600." Dripping wet from a pouring rain and the perspiration of their Herculean exertions, an army of oil field workers ? many of them seeking their own children or already knowing them dead ? filed out of the tangled debris.

Injured Are Dying

Fatalities in hospitals and in ambulances en route to emergency stations were expected to push the total number dead much higher. Many of those who lived after the eruption that scattered human being and buildings alike, are maimed, physicians said, and fractures are evident in almost every case. Definite indication that seepage gas caused the explosion ? a theory first advanced by Superintendent W. C. Shaw who lost a son in the tragedy ? came when Major Gaston Howard said Dr. E. P. Schoch, University of Texas chemistry professor, would so testify. Seeping gas, an ever-present menace that lurks in the oil fields, collects in recesses of well-ventilated buildings and along highways, said Assistant Fire Chief J. J. Lynn at Oklahoma City. "The East Texas country of new London is hilly," he added. "You?d probably find more gas pockets along highways there." At Austin, state capital, legislators passed resolutions in both houses calling for a legislative investigation even as Governor James V. Allred?s military court of National Guardsmen assembled here. Major Howard stood in a deluge of rain as the last of the bodies [last line cut off] ?ped to the waist, passed bricks and debris along a hand-to-hand chain, using peach baskets. Footing was easy on the rocky surface but huge trucks had no traction on the rain-sodden ground and cables snapped frequently with beams in mid-air. Youngsters darted about in the rain, picking up school books blown hundreds of feet away and carting them away in tin buckets. Coffee in huge buckets was passed around among fatigued workers.

Find Teacher?s Body

Just before dawn Mrs. Tracy Tate, school teacher, was lifted alive from the bottom of wreckage piled 20 feet high. Said worker, H. G. McDonald: "I put my hand on her leg as I helped haul her from the debris and I felt the muscles of her leg twitch. She died as they placed her in an ambulance." Mass burial talk was hushed by fathers and mothers who arranged to have their tot?s bodies sent to other cities, or who buried them themselves in rude graves. Oil company workers dug graves for employees? children and furnished money in the emergency. Arrival of Albert Evans, disaster relief director for the American Red Cross, started quick organization of relief agencies. "Yes, we have some survivors here," said a hospital physician, "but they are decreasing. We lost two in the last hour and probably four more will die shortly." The fatality list was bound to increase. In a morgue in Henderson 40 embalmers labored over 140 bodies, horror sealed on the faces of the child victims.

Disaster Causes Insanity

"I heard many stories of heroism," said Richard McAllister, news photographer, "but one that will stick with me was about a teacher who shoved a youngster, who was reciting, under her desk when she felt the first tremor of the blast and then dropped beside the desk herself. "Both were later taken from the wreckage, the teacher badly hurt, the youngster without a scratch." Listening to broadcasts describing the explosion horror, Wesley H. Pitkin, 38, and oil field worker at Bellville, Tex., became mentally unbalanced and was shot to death by Deputy Sheriff E. F. Reinecker who sought in vain to control him. "Reinecker had to shoot my brother or my brother would have killed both Reinecker and me," said Cleaburn Pitkin in a statement to Austin County officials. [Last line missing.]

Tuesday, March 23, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: by the Associated Press

New London, Texas ? A military inquiry into the London School explosion which killed 455 children and teachers ended dramatically late Monday with the formal opinion of Dr. E. P. Schoch, explosions expert, that accumulated gas under the basement floor caused the blast. Martial law, in effect since a few hours after last Thursday?s disaster, was lifted from the community immediately after the close of the hearing. Evidence presented in the three days of the inquiry included testimony that the oil-wealthy school had connected its gas line to a waste gas carrier, without the formal consent of the owning company, and that heating system plans were changed when the school was built, for reasons of economy.

Blast Under Floors

Dr. Schoch said he had concluded definitely that the explosion was not in the walls. He earlier had advanced the theory that the hollow tile walls might have become saturated. "All indications point indubitably to and explosion under the floor," Dr. Schoch said in announcing his conclusion. The professor of chemical engineering at the University of Texas did not give a formal opinion as to what set off the blast, but said there was a strong possibility an electric spark ignited it. John Dial, 15, high school student had testified the explosion occurred immediately after his manual training teacher threw a light switch.

Helen and I went to Miller Villa for the evening. Had a wonderful visit about old school days with [last line cut off]

Wednesday, March 24, 1937

Study Club. Met at John Van Why?s. Helen took Mrs. Conklin, Ruth Mosher, Mrs. Tesch and I. Helen led the discussion on Chapter V ? "What to Fight For" ? only Mrs. Stermer, Mrs. Hoven and Mrs. Van Why there. Had lovely cake and coffee. A very pleasant evening. A pretty slippery night.

Monday, March 29, 1937

Helen, Walter and I made a trip to Binghamton. Reached there at 7:15 - John just having breakfast. Had a wonderful visit. Marian and Walter played all day - he delighted with her dolls and equipment. Reached Elmira at 5:00 - found everything all fine at home. A beautiful spring day. Saw many wild ducks and sea gulls on rivers. Went usual way - came back via Endicot and up that side of river. First long trip in the new Ford V8. A rapid stepper but hard to ride in.

Wednesday, March 31, 1937

Eddy Rose Sale. Helen, Walter and I went to the sale a little while - nothing there worth anything. Seemed almost like a funeral. That whole family buried. Hard to realize. Visited with Mrs. Smith. She all broken up over Eddy's death.

Thursday, April 1, 1937

Marian MacDougall died 1918.

Friday, April 2, 1937

Study Club. Helen drove and took Annabel, Mali and I. At Mrs. Tesch's Mrs. Stermer reviewed the chapter. Only eight members present. Had very nice refreshments and a profitable evening.

Newspaper Clipping: Veteran News

Veteran Grange held its regular meeting at the hall Friday evening. The features of the program were a roll call "Why we are optimistic of the future of the Grange" and an original essay "An Optimist Looks at Our Community." Mr. and Mrs. Byron Vreeland and children of Seneca Falls spent the week end at the VanDuzer homestead o the Ridge Road. The Study club of the Veteran Home Bureau met Wednesday evening at the home of Mrs. john VanWhy. The chapter "What to Fight For," was reviewed by Mrs. Charles Samson. Harry MacDougall is working for Howard Neal of Coles Corners, near Dundee. Mrs. Charles Samson and son Walter and Mrs. Charles MacDougall spent Monday with Mrs. Virgil Fishel in Binghamton. Veteran Home Bureau will meet April 8 at the Grange Hall. Mrs. William Carman will give a lesson on "Care of the Hair." Mrs. Amel Ramstein will be hostess. Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Dann have returned after a visit with their daughter, Mrs. Charles Bullock of Canton, Pa., and Mrs. Irving Chatterton of Mansfield, Pa.

Newspaper Clipping: Joseph Marka

Joseph Marka, 57, of Terry Hill, died Friday, April 2. He is survived by his widow and a daughter, Mrs. Albina Fryeck of Terry Hill. The funeral was held Sunday in the Matthews and Van Buskirk funeral home. Burial in Maple Grove Cemetery.

Saturday, April 3, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Mr. and Mrs. Charles Mosher and Mrs. Charles MacDougall attended the 2nd Peace meeting of the Grange series at Horseheads Grange hall Saturday evening. One hundred and four Grangers were present.

A fine meeting. The newly organized H-H Grange orchestra furnished music. The Chemung Valley lecturer made a very fine presentation speech. Refreshments cafeteria style - sandwiches, cake and coffee.

Tuesday, April 6, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: 1,000 Hershey Sit-Downers Beaten Badly

Hershey, Pa. (AP) - Several thousand angry farmers and "loyal" men and women workers of the Hershey Chocolate Corporation drove more than 1,000 sit-down strikers from the factory Wednesday after a bloody battle. Twenty-five of the combatants were attended at a hospital; nearly as many more were taken to physicians or removed to their homes. Most of the victims had battered heads, bruised bodies and fractured arms or legs. The picturesque little town which the multi-millionaire Milton S. Hershey envisioned as a poor farm boy and which he built in the cornfield near his birthplace, looked on tense Wednesday as farmers from six counties joined the non-strikers in a mass meeting in the big sports arena. Hershey built for his Eastern Ice Hockey League club.

Milk Market Hit.

These farmers joined the non-strikers in demonstration Monday and Tuesday, protesting against the sit-down, because they supply the factory with 800,000 pounds of milk daily. Their market was cut off by the strike. Another parade was held this forenoon, and all Hershey turned out to cheer. After the parade, the farmers and non-strikers met again in the sports arena, while their leaders, executive of the Hershey Company and leaders of the Chocolate Workers of America, and affiliate of the Committee for Industrial Organization, which called the strike, held a closed conference.

Wednesday, April 7, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Sun Paints Brilliant Picture To Top Off Spring Day's Work

Before he went to bed Wednesday, Old Sol emptied his paint box to give this section a rare celestial treat. In late afternoon as the sun dropped behind them, it transformed banks of dirty clouds into a curtain of dazzling colors. Observers saw the haze drenched with gold and a huge could bank outlined in gleaming silver. Around the sun appeared a rainbow that at times made a complete circle. The rare sight was seen by thousands, many homeward-bound from work. The phenomenon was explained as the sun's reflection on dust particles and moisture in the western sky.

Meadow larks and phoebes first arrival!!

Newspaper Clipping: Observant Westside residents are still marveling at the unbelievably beautiful quadruple rainbow seen at the western horizon about 5:30 p.m. last Wednesday evening. Two complete crescents, one within the other, were crossed with two perpendicular prisms, all of a brilliant intensity for the short space of its duration.

[drawing of rainbow inserted here] The way it appeared to me.

Thursday, April 8, 1937

Home Bureau at the hall. Lily Ramstein hostess. Mrs. Carman gave the lesson on "Care of the Hair." Helen went - I kept Walter at home.

Friday, April 9, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Winter Has Its Final Fling; Moderate Weekend Predicted

Winter came back Friday for one last stand before going into summer quarters - this section hopes. Snow covered a wide area Friday but caused little trouble, melting under traffic as it fell. Coated windshields were greater driving hazards than the roads. Wayland F. Hall, local U.S. Weather Bureau observer, reported that the snowfall started at 7:05 a.m. and that two and a half inches of snow fell. The temperature was 30 degrees at 9 a.m. At noon it was freezing. Friday night the thermometer read 33 degrees. Today the weather man promises it will be cool and cloudy. Sunday, he says, will be clear and warmer.

Regular meeting of Veteran Grange. A very bad night so there were only enough present to fill the chairs and Berneice was the sole other member. Had a nice program closed by guessing contest on members baby picture. A lot of fun. Every one confused and the oddest mistakes made. Edna Turner won the prize for being the prettiest baby.

Saturday, April 10, 1937

Pomona Grange met at Sullivanville. Helen and Walter and I went. They stayed only to dinner and came after me at 4:00. Not so many present as usual but had a very nice time. Program mostly about Florida including an account of their Florida trip by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Linderberry. They had a very interesting exhibit of souvenirs that they had collected.

Monday, April 12, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Martin Petrick, 63, died Monday, Arp. 12, 1937, at 6:30 a.m. at the family home on the Ridge Road, Town of Horseheads. He is survived by his wife; four daughters, Mrs. Irving T. Kline Jr. of Elmira; Mrs. Edith Clifford of Des Moines, Ia.; Mrs. Benjamin Ward of Pine Valley; Mrs. Genevieve Petrick at home; a son, Fred of Elmira. The body is in the Matthews & Van Buskirk funeral home, Horseheads. Funeral notice later.

Thursday, April 15, 1937

Helen and I attended Martin Petrick's funeral. Mrs. Rundle went with us. At the house a few minutes only a few neighbors (7) there. Everyone feeling his family had driven him to suicide. A very few at the church also - high mass. We did not go to cemetery.

Friday, April 16, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: H. L. Matthews Dies After Week's Illness

Horace L. Matthews, 29, a member of the firm of Matthews and Van Buskirk, Horseheads, died in an Elmira hospital Friday at 8:45 a.m. He had been ill about one week of meningitis. Mr. Matthews was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Matthews, Horseheads. He was graduated from the Horseheads grade and high schools and studied at Syracuse University and the Simms School of Embalming of Syracuse. At Horseheads he conducted an undertaking business for a time alone before George Van Buskirk became associated with him. Mr. Matthews married Miss Ruth Chadderton of Wellsboro, Pa., in 1931. They are parents of a daughter, Joan.

Monday, April 19, 1937

Hundred Gather About Grave In Tribute to H. L. Matthews

Several hundred residents of Horseheads and the vicinity gathered at the grave in Maple Grove Cemetery Monday afternoon in a wordless tribute to Horace L. Matthews whose death Friday at the age of 30 saddened the community. While the family gathered for private funeral services at the home, friends, neighbors and those whose affection he had won through a multitude of kindness met at the cemetery. The Rev. Frederick Maunder and the Rev. Harry E. Malick conducted the services at the home. The service at the grave consisted of a simple committal prayer. Pall bearers were Attorney Ray C. cooper, Edward L. Dykes, Leo F. Walker, Samuel G. Spirawk, Morey Swain, Charles E. Barber and Kenneth Lewis. Floral tributes, many from distant places, filled the room where the brief service was held. A dozen automobiles were needed to carry them to the cemetery. Leading the funeral cortege were the touring cars of State and Elmira Heights Police filled with flowers. At the hour of the funeral all business places in Horseheads closed and business men and townsfolk gathered along en route to the cemetery. A friend of the young man said after the service, "None of us realized how many friends he had. He was always doing things for people, little things that never showed."

At Veteran Grange officers conference for Schuyler and Chemung County. Mrs. Miller state lecturer in charge. Both deputies present - 67 in attendance. Veteran Grange served dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Conklin, Mr. and Mrs. Milton Roy committee. Menu: roast beef and gravy, mashed potatoes, scalloped corn, rolls, pickles, coffee, and cream pie - 35 cents.

Friday, April 23, 1937

Regular Grange Night. A poor attendance as Holstein banquet and church supper took several families away. I took master's chair. Program was on the Grange founders. Had a pleasant time and good singing.

Sunday, April 25, 1937

Everybody home all day. Made our first excursion to the Farm. Helen got a beautiful hepatica plant.

Tuesday, April 27, 1937

Study Club met at Edna Turner's. Only a few present. Annabel Van Duzer read the chapter. Had a nice evening. Had candy for treat. Bernie played his accordion and Shirley tap-danced for the entertainment.

Wednesday, April 28, 1937

The 3rd Peace meeting at Seeley Creek. Helen drove. We took Charles and Ruth. A very nice meeting - 103 present. Members from most of the granges present. Had a good program and they served a very nice supper - rolls, salad, cold meat, cake, jello and coffee. Did not get home until 12:00. Flowers in bloom in rock garden: Scilla, arabis, crocus, Hepatica, violet (pink).

Sunday, May 2, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Two Injured In 'Family' Auto Crash

Odessa - Russel Depew and son, Gale, of Frost Hill are recovering from injuries suffered in a "family" automobile accident. Mr. Depew and son, Paul, were going up Frost Hill in a truck which collided with an automobile driven by Gale Depew, another son, at the crest. Mr. Depew suffered four fractured ribs and Gale suffered severe head bruises and lacerations requiring 51 stitches at the Shepard Hospital, Montour Falls. The accident occurred Sunday.

Monday, May 3, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Death Takes Lena Confer

Montour Falls - Lena N. Confer, 42, wife of Roy Confer of Montour Falls, died Monday afternoon, May 3, 1937, in the Shepard Hospital here after a long illness. Mrs. Confer was born in Horseheads, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Courtney Nelson. Mrs. Confer had been a seventh grade teacher i the grammar school here for many years. She was a member of the Montour Falls Baptist Church and was active in he affairs of the Parent-Teacher Association. She was a former president of both the local and Schuyler County American Legion Auxiliaries. Mrs. Confer is survived by her husband, a daughter, Betty, and a son, George, all of Montour Falls. Funeral arrangements are incomplete.

Wednesday, May 5, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Mrs. Mary E. Smith, 76, of Steuben Street, Horseheads, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Stewart Durfey, at Odessa, Wednesday evening, May 5, 1937. She was a member of the Horseheads Baptist Church, WCTU, Browning Society and Home Bureau and the Veteran Grange. Besides her daughter, she leaves two sons, Fred S. of Doylestown, Ohio, and Tracy W., of Veteran; also several grandchildren. The body is at the Barber funeral home, Horseheads, and Saturday morning will be removed to the home of Tracey W. Smith on the Middle Road, Town of Veteran. Funeral Saturday at 2 p.m. Rev. H. Wilcox of Horseheads. Maple Grove Cemetery, Horseheads.

Started going to Granges with Mrs. Manning of Reading Pa. who wholesales vanilla to Granges. Sold to Veteran, called on Horseheads people Douglas, O'Hanlon, Gregory and Neish. Went with her to Seeley Creek and she sold there ($50 worth is sold by Grange for $112.60). Had a fine meeting at S-C. Play etc. Charles there for deputy's scoring. I rode home with him. Poured all way home.

Thursday, May 6, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Fear Bodies Of Missing Consumed

Lakehurst, N.J. - (UP) - Blistered survivors of the crew of the world's most luxurious airship, the Hindenburg, searched through its blackened ruins today for possible additional bodies of their former shipmates and passengers. Lieut. George Watson, Naval Communications officer, believed the hunt would be fruitless. He suggested that if there were any bodies not already found, they might have been consumed entirely by the flames that swept the Zeppelin after it exploded. Sentries with rifles encircled the heap of metal. No one was allowed to speak to survivors of the disaster who searched the ruins, nor did they appear to even notice those who stood outside the guard lines. Now and then one of the Germans - dressed in white steward' jackets - paused to pick up some bit from the wreckage. The sun shone grudgingly on the twisted fame work. Along the east side of the wreck toward the big Zeppelin hangar that stands 800 yards away, lay two of the motors. As large as a one-car garage, they were buried in the soft ground. Their propeller blades were red splinters. Overhead, like the webbing of some giant spider, wires and shredded silver fabric were entangled. The windows of the salons and passengers' promenades, made of a cellulose substance, had melted and hung from the Hindenburg's ribs like tinsel.

Friday, May 7, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Cyclist Injured

Daniel White, 11, of 724 South Main Street, suffered bruises of the face, hip and legs early Thursday afternoon when his bicycle was hit by an automobile on South Main Street. He is in St. Joseph's Hospital. Police were investigating.

Happened near Ted's station. He picked up the youngster and went with him to the hospital.

Newspaper Clipping: Lakehurst, N.J. - (AP) - Trapped in a flaming hell of high-explosive gas, 30 persons were listed as known dead today in the crash of the mammoth, silver-painted Zeppelin Hindenburg at 6:23 o'clock (E.S.T.) last night. The tragedy, striking with lightning swiftness as the giant craft hung 200 feet aloft, preparing to moor at the end of its 21st voyage across the North Atlantic, left 68 survivors - many of them terribly burned and injured. Lieut. Commander Charles E. Rosendahl, commandant of the naval air station, announced that 20 of the ship's 36 passengers and 44 of the crew of 62 had been accounted for. Twenty-six bodies had been recovered. One of the fatalities was a member of the ground crew, caught amid the blazing debris that spilled from the skies in a fiery rain. Dozens of the survivors, catapulted or stumbling dazedly from the holocaust, hovered between life and death today in hospitals nearby the scene of the disaster.

Saturday, May 8, 1937

Pomona Grange. Met at Big Flats. Not a very large attendance but had a fine time - also dinner. Riv. Steverson of Big Flats M.E. church gave the memorial address. Special meeting in Veteran of Sullivanville, H-H, Chemung Valley and Veteran Grange to hear Miss Arthur. We met her at the Mark Twain. A small attendance at the lecture.

Sunday, May 9, 1937

We started at 5:00 to attend sunrise services at Sullivan's monument. Stopped at hotel for Miss Arthur. A very beautiful service in a beautiful setting (clipping on next page).

Monday, May 10, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: 800 Attend Mother's Day Service

The Mother's Day sunrise service at Sullivan's Monument in Newtown Battlefield State Park was attended by 800 persons. They heard the Rev. Russell S. Brown, pastor of Centenary Methodist Church urge clean living as a "perfect gift to mothers." "Mothers are compensated," he said, "not by dollars and cents but by appreciation and life, thought and word and deed and by a child's life that is pure and clean." The congregation heard a call to worship sounded by Trumpeters Samuel Smith. Edward Steele and Harry Baldwin. The Rev. E. D. VanDyke led a responsive invocation and the Southside High School a cappella choir under the direction of Miss Martha A. Schmucker sang an anthem. Marshall Whitehead recited Scripture and Ralph Drake led in prayer. The Rev. C. Wellington Hardy led the hymn, "Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty!" "Every mother is compensated for all her pain and sacrifice as she sees the life of her child grow and develop," the Rev. Mr. Brown said. "Life is like a snarl. Each day a little is unraveled until the whole is made clear. Mother is paid as she sees the life unravel. The first cry and the first smile, the first step and the first word, all are anxiously awaited by the mother. A new lesson learned in school is a joy to her. "Every mother dreams of the day when her child will make a worthwhile contribution to the world and society. Mothers are willing to pay the price that such dreams may be realized in the lives of their children. "Mothers enjoy a thought, a deed, a word of appreciation. On the cross Jesus did not forget His mother but tenderly commended her to the care of John." The service was sponsored by the Youth Council of Chemung County.

Charlie and I went to see Frank Mosher at noon. He knew us just for a minute. His mind very bad. No hopes for his recovery held out by Dr.

Tuesday, May 11, 1937

Helen and I took Miss Arthur to Big Flats to give her lecture. A small attendance there also. Had a pleasant ride with her. Made some flower "swap" agreements.

Wednesday, May 12, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Frank R. Mosher, 66, died at the family home in the Town of Veteran at 10 p.m. Wednesday, May 12, 1937. He is survived by two sons, Charles, at home, and William H. of Elmira Heights; two sisters, Mrs. Frederick Dann of Veteran and Mrs. Curtis Gifford of Wilson, N.Y., also two granddaughters and several nieces and nephews. A prominent farmer, Mr. Mosher was a past Master of Veteran Grange, 1108. The body is in the VanBuskirk funeral home, Horseheads. It will be taken to the family home Friday morning and the funeral will be held there Saturday at 2 p.m.

Mother, Helen and I went over to Lon's in afternoon. Found Myra alone in bed. Had been very bad since we had seen her. She trying to get in shape for a major operation. A bad situation. Stopped in to Moshers on our way home. Frank much worse - only a matter of hours. Ruth's sister, Grace, there also Mary Crouch as nurse. He only sick only a little over a week. His mind left him so quickly.

Thursday, May 13, 1937

Helen, Walter and I attended the Home Bureau at Helen Stermer's. A nice attendance. Election of officers. The same officers re-elected as follows: Chairman - Mona VanWie, Vice Chairman - Helen Samson, Sec. - Lily Ramstein, Treas. - Annabel VanDuzer. Some brought plants for an exchange. I got a bachelor's button and a Johnny jump up!!

Friday, May 14, 1937

Helen, Mother, Walter and I went to Dundee. Mother visited Theodora and we went to Starkey to attend a community sale. Such a bad rainy day not many came. They sold to anyone desiring some special thing. I bought a walnut dining room table formerly owned by Mrs. Putnam. Gave $4. Bought our dinner cafeteria. I went to the next house and called on Clara Luna Sistic. She has a nice home, three lovely children and a new four week old baby. We went back to Theodora's and made quite a visit. Her baby a little beauty and is so happy and contented. Lulu came over so we saw all our relatives. Home quite early. Bought lake trout in Watkins for supper. Rained all day.

Saturday, May 15, 1937

A terrible morning. Rained and cold but cleared in afternoon. Charlie, Helen and I went to Frank Mosher's funeral. Charlie a bearer. Burial at Pine Valley. One of the largest funerals ever held in this community.

Saturday, May 22, 1937

Peace Program at Sullivanville. Helen and I only Veteran representatives. Had a small attendance. Quite a good program and refreshments afterward.

Sunday, May 23, 1937

The Fishels were here for the day - also Harry. Had broilers for dinner. Took a ride in afternoon. A very enjoyable day.

Wednesday, May 26, 1937

Mother, Helen, Walter and I went to Watkins Glen to see Dr. Jackson. We both got medicine. She for uremia in her legs. I found out my imagined (?) goiter is a fact - tho' it is small and should yield to medical treatment.

Thursday, May 27, 1937

The family again went to the Starkey sale. Mother stayed at Uncle Will's. Again they had no sale - no crowd. Rained most of afternoon. I bought a little rocking chair, 3 tumblers and Helen got a nice old fashioned wash stand for dressing table. We called on Aunt Ida when we returned.

Friday, May 28, 1937

Regular Grange Meeting. Quite a good attendance. Mother's Day program given as the last meeting was postponed on account of Frank's death. Tableau's - The Young Mother & Babe, The Mother of the School Children and the Little Old Lady. Finished the evening with a box social. Every body had a good time and realized over $4 from sale of boxes - proceeds to be used for kitchen equipment.

Sunday, May 30, 1937

Callers: Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Crandell, Mrs. Bessie Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Mahaffey of Washington, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Walrad daughter Geraldine.

Monday, May 31, 1937

Newspaper Clipping: Highway Official Injured in Crash

When a collision occurs between a tractor and an auto usually it is the latter that suffers most. However, this was not the case when the tractor, driven by Thomas J. Turner of Sullivanville, and an auto driven by Russell Crainey of Cayuta crashed Monday at 7:40 p.m. near his Sullivanville home. Mr. Turner, town highway superintendent, was the only person injured. At the Arnot-Ogden Hospital Monday his condition was reported as "fair." According to Serg?t. Charles A. Roche, two cars were following Mr. Turner?s tractor traveling north. One car passed the tractor and as it did. Sergeant Roche said, a second car driven by Russell Crainey of Cayuta, collided with the heavy machine which Mr. Turner had turned sharply to the west to enter a side road. At the Arnot-Ogden Hospital, Mr. Turner was reported suffering a possible shoulder fracture, dislocation of the left knee and head cuts.

Thursday, June 3, 1937

Put on a program at Job?s Corners for Tioga Pa. Pomona Grange.

Newspaper Clipping: Pomona Grange Aids Tioga County Group

The Chemung County Pomona Grange were guests of the Tioga County, Pa., Pomona at Jobs Corners Thursday. The visiting Grange presented the following program in the afternoon ? Roll call, "One qualification of a good neighbor"; Essay, Grange Neighborliness, Mrs. Charles Samson; Tableau, "Neighbors", Oscar Kahler, Mrs. Ernest Benjamin, Mrs. Charles Mosher, Collie Breese, Mrs. Charles Samson; Reading, Mrs. Chas. MacDougall; Duet, Mrs. Robert Douglass, and Mrs. Bertha Crouse; Accompanist, Mrs. Andrew O?Hanlon; Monologue, Mrs. Thomas Rhodes; Recitation, William Leper; Monologue, Mrs. Collie Breese.

Ollie Benjamin and Ruth Mosher went with us. We had tickets for supper given us. Went for a ride to Mansfield after supper. Stayed for the degree in the evening then an entertainment. Had a very enjoyable time.

Sunday, June 6, 1937

Callers ? Mr. and Mrs. Frank Coe and John, Mr. and Mrs. Walrad and Geraldine, Harry MacDougall.

Monday, June 7, 1937

George Reed arrived from the South after many trials. A friend came along with him and cared for him. He very glad to get up north but very tired. Study Club at Helen Stermer?s. Horseheads Study Club met with Veteran.

Newspaper Clipping: Bureau Study Clubs Guests Mrs. Stermer

The Home Bureau Study Clubs of Horseheads and Veteran met at the home of Mrs. Edward Stermer on the Watkins Road, Monday evening, June 7. The lesson was ably given by Mrs. Charles Samson and Mrs. Charles MacDougall. Mrs. Howard Carpenter, who recently attended a Family Life Conference at Cornell University, gave a report of that meeting. Present were Mrs. Sampson, Mrs. MacDougall, Mrs. Jacob Tesch, Mrs. Edward VanDuzer, Mrs. Frank Couplin, Mrs. Charles Mosher, Mrs. Harl Loven, Mrs. Benjamin Turner, Mrs. John Lawes, Mrs. Glen Stevens, Mrs. Fred Dann, Mrs. John VanWhy, Mrs. Guy Matthews, Mrs. Harry Relyea, Mrs. Jay T. Hamblin, Mrs. Howard Carpenter and Mrs. Stermer.

Wednesday, June 9, 1937

Helen, Walter, Lily Ramstein, Minnie Tesch and I made a trip to Lysander Home Gardens to see their iris. Went via Odessa, Mecklenburg, Ithaca, Cortland, Homer Scott, Skaneateles, Elbridge Jordan Lysander. Back via Jordan, Weedsport, Port Byron, Montezuma (had dinner at a roadside stand ? a picnic), across Montezuma Swamp to Canoga thro? Cayuga Lake State Park along the lake ? a beautiful ride to Interlaken to Trumansburg and then to Mecklenburg home ? 213 miles. Saw Skaneatles Lake for the first time.

Thursday, June 10, 1937

Home Bureau at Lena Carmon?s. I stayed at home with Walter. Program planning for next year.

Friday, June 11, 1937

Grange night. No one went from here.

Monday, June 14, 1937

Lulu Pitcher came down to help Uncle George celebrate his 85th birthday. She brought him a very wondrous cake with 85 candles. Hickory nut filling. She stayed overnight.

Sunday, June 27, 1937

Sunday guests were Agnes and Harry Gray of Syracuse. Had a nice visit. Menu ? pressed chicken, potatoes, peas, raw vegetable salad, and strawberry shortcake.

July to December

Chemung County NY
Published On 28 MAR 2008
By Joyce M. Tice
Diary provided & introduced by Walt Samson
Transcribed by Carla McDonald
Published by Joyce M. Tice
Copyright Walt Samson & Joyce M. Tice